Keeping Off the streets: Effective Models of Intervention with People who are Sleeping Rough – Service Models in Adelaide, Perth and Darwin

Jo Baulderstone, Flinders University of South Australia, June 2012

This report, funded by the Australian Government under the 2009-13 National Homelessness Research Agenda, documents Street to Home (STH) services and models in South Australia (SA), Western Australia (WA) and the Northern Territory (NT). It is the first of three reports in a longitudinal study that aims to fill the evidence gap on approaches to delivering, and the effectiveness of, services that are designed to respond to the needs of people sleeping rough. The research was completed in late 2012. This research focused on:

  • documenting service models of Street to Home services aimed at reducing rough sleeping across three jurisdictions in Australia;
  • identifying key characteristics of Street to Home services delivered in these jurisdictions;
  • identifying the contextual factors and service system attributes which support the attainment and maintenance of sustainable tenancies for people sleeping rough.

This first report is based on data collected in the first round of interviews with STH service staff in WA, SA and the NT. In the NT, government staff connected with funding and strategic development of the STH Program were also interviewed. Interviews with STH clients about their current situations, the services they accessed with the assistance of STH staff as well as their housing pathways, was reported on later in 2012.

Researchers found that STH initiatives in SA, WA and the NT differ from one another as well as from the Common Ground S2H model developed in the USA. The context within which all STH services operated was important and influenced the range or amount of assistance STH services were able to offer their clients. In general, there was little evidence of service capacity being bolstered by formal mechanisms and in the main all initiatives required a significant amount of liaison between staff and workers in other agencies.

Below are links to the Full Report and an Evidence Note that provides a summary of the report findings.

Full Report [PDF – 930KB] [DOCX – 1.78MB]
Evidence Note [PDF – 45KB] [DOCX – 135KB]